The concept of «Racial Profiling» describes all forms of discriminatory controls of persons or vehicles towards groups of people who are perceived as ethnically or religiously “different” by policemen and policewomen.
The term «Racial Profiling» stems from the USA where especially people of African an Latin American descent are affected by police security checks above average. The term «Ethnic Profiling» is used as well. In the European context, besides dark-skinned persons people from the Balkans (especially Roma) as well as Muslims from Arabic countries are affected by unjustified police controls.
You can find more background information about the phenomenon of Racial Profiling in the themed dossier „Racial Profiling“ on humanrights.ch as well as in the findings of the collaborative research group of the Alliance.